George Andrew Olah's research involves the generation and reactivity of carbocations via superacids. Besides the Nobel Prize, he has also been awarded the Priestley Medal which is the highest honour granted by the American Chemical Society.
Paul B. Weisz pioneered the use of natural and synthetic zeolites, which are also known as hydrous silicates as catalysts. These catalysts are highly selective and facilitated only certain reactions between specific molecules of given shapes.
Irene Joliot-Curie and Frederic Joliot Curie jointly discovered artificial radioactivity. These isotopes rapidly became important tools in biomedical research and in the treatment of cancer and related diseases.
Herbert Henry Dow has invented many successful diversifications and several business reorganizations, first into chlorine chemicals, then into organic chemicals, such as phenol and indigo dye, and finally into magnesium metal.