Rutherford is considered to be the father of nuclear physics, being the first person to split the atom in 1917. He discovered that all atoms had their positive charge concentrated in a nucleus. He was awarded the Noble Prize for his work in the field.
Friedrich Wilhelm Ostwald was the son of Gottfried Wilhelm Ostwald and Elisabeth Leuckel. He was a Baltic German chemist whose work on catalysis, chemical equilibrium and reaction velocities won him the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1909.
Today it is very easy for us to define what an atom or molecule is. In the early days of science there was a lot of debate about this. It was Amedeo Avogadro who helped tell the difference between compounds, molecules and atoms.
We all love to munch on chips. Have you ever wondered how these chips stay so fresh? If you look closely at the packet, you will realise that the preservative gas used is Nitrogen. The first person to discover nitrogen was Daniel Rutherford in 1772.
Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac is quite popular in the world of chemistry. He is remembered for his laws on gases, known as Gay Lussac's laws. His two laws deal with volumes, pressures and temperatures of gases and the relationship between them.