Friedrich Wilhelm Ostwald was the son of Gottfried Wilhelm Ostwald and Elisabeth Leuckel. He was a Baltic German chemist whose work on catalysis, chemical equilibrium and reaction velocities won him the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1909.
Today it is very easy for us to define what an atom or molecule is. In the early days of science there was a lot of debate about this. It was Amedeo Avogadro who helped tell the difference between compounds, molecules and atoms.
We all love to munch on chips. Have you ever wondered how these chips stay so fresh? If you look closely at the packet, you will realise that the preservative gas used is Nitrogen. The first person to discover nitrogen was Daniel Rutherford in 1772.
Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac is quite popular in the world of chemistry. He is remembered for his laws on gases, known as Gay Lussac's laws. His two laws deal with volumes, pressures and temperatures of gases and the relationship between them.
Today, we talk about radioactivity and radioactive elements. But do you know who coined the term 'radioactivity''? Yes, it was the Nobel Prize winning Marie Curie. She discovered two important elements - Radium and Polonium, which you will be able to easily spot in the periodic table. Marie Curie dedicated her entire life for research on radioactive elements.
Imagine what would happen if there were no drugs to cure Malaria. That's a scary situation, isn't it? Sir Robert Robinson's research in organic chemistry with the structure and synthesis of organic bodies led to the production of anti-malarial drugs.
What if you had to deal with viruses for the most of your active life? Sounds dangerous, doesn't it? Well, that's what Wendell Stanley chose as his career. He was an American biochemist who received the Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his work on purification and crystallization of viruses to demonstrate their molecular structure. He is the man even experts turn to when they have problems with viruses.
Born in Rotterdam, Netherlands, Jacobus Henricus van't Hoff is known for his contribution in physical chemistry. He conducted extensive research in the fields of chemical equilibrium, osmotic pressure and stereochemistry, for which he received his first Nobel Prize in Chemistry.