Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac is quite popular in the world of chemistry. He is remembered for his laws on gases, known as Gay Lussac's laws. His two laws deal with volumes, pressures and temperatures of gases and the relationship between them.
Today, we talk about radioactivity and radioactive elements. But do you know who coined the term 'radioactivity''? Yes, it was the Nobel Prize winning Marie Curie. She discovered two important elements - Radium and Polonium, which you will be able to easily spot in the periodic table. Marie Curie dedicated her entire life for research on radioactive elements.
Imagine what would happen if there were no drugs to cure Malaria. That's a scary situation, isn't it? Sir Robert Robinson's research in organic chemistry with the structure and synthesis of organic bodies led to the production of anti-malarial drugs.
What if you had to deal with viruses for the most of your active life? Sounds dangerous, doesn't it? Well, that's what Wendell Stanley chose as his career. He was an American biochemist who received the Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his work on purification and crystallization of viruses to demonstrate their molecular structure. He is the man even experts turn to when they have problems with viruses.
Born in Rotterdam, Netherlands, Jacobus Henricus van't Hoff is known for his contribution in physical chemistry. He conducted extensive research in the fields of chemical equilibrium, osmotic pressure and stereochemistry, for which he received his first Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
Best-known for his work in modern atomic theory, John Dalton was an English chemist, meteorologist and physicist. The son of a weaver, Dalton's major contribution to the field of chemistry is his atomic theory proposed in 1803. In the theory he reasoned that tiny particles called atoms make up elements.
We have all done litmus tests at school. How many of us know that Robert Boyle is the inventor of the litmus test. Considered to be the founder of modern chemistry, Robert Boyle was a scientist of the 17th century. Boyle is remembered for his law about the relationship between pressure and volume of gasses.
Sir Humphry Davy was an electrochemist who discovered several alkalis. He discovered elements like chlorine and iodine Davy is also remembered for brightening the lives of miners by making the miners safety lamp, now called the Davy lamp.
Sir William Ramsay was the Scottish scientist who discovered the noble gases. These gases are argon, neon, krypton and xenon. These gases along with helium and radon formed a new set of elements. For this discovery, Ramsay was awarded the Noble Prize in 1904.