Antoine Lavoisier is often called the greatest chemist ever, for his amazing discoveries. But did you know that his wife was a great chemist too - the secret of his success? As we celebrate the International Year of Chemistry it seems apt that today on her birth anniversary, we know more about her.
Three centuries ago, women were expected to stick to 'womanly' activities such as painting and weaving, and not try to do 'manly' things like scientific experiments. But one woman refused to be so limited - Elizabeth Fulhame.
As we celebrate the International Year of Chemistry we realise that anyone can discover a great scientific theory. Would you believe us that a woman without a college education, discovered such a theory while washing dishes in the kitchen sink? She was Agnes Pockels!
If you know someone who has cancer, they might probably have gone for a PET scan to find out how much the cancer has developed. PET scans make uses of radioisotopes. Their use in medicine was pioneered by Hevesy Gyorgy.
A lot of the food we eat must be processed with chemicals so that it is ready to eat, both for humans and animals. Agricultural chemistry is the field that does this, and Arturi Virtanen is considered the star of this field!
When a drug is introduced to market, it must undergo a number of clinical trials to show that it really cures a disease. But a long time ago, doctors would hand out medicine based on hearsay or even imagination. So who changed it all?
All of us know that chemistry is the science that studies the materials that are important to our lives. But did you know that one field, physical chemistry, is particularly important? Let's meet one of the most renowned physical chemists ever.
In the 19th century, people believed in a theory called vitalism. It said that a mysterious 'life-force' was required to make the organic chemicals found in our bodies. Hermann Kolbe was among the scientists who disproved the theory, by showing that chemicals could be made in the lab.