Austrian chemist Fritz Pregl won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his contribution in the field of quantitative organic microanalysis. He played a major role in helping develop the combustion train technique of elemental analysis.
Francis William Aston won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for discovering isotopes by conducting mass spectrograph of isotopes. He conducted this research in a large amount of non-radioactive elements. He is also remembered for his whole-number rule.
Gerhard Herzberg was born on the 25th December, 1904, in Hamburg, Germany. A pioneer in both chemistry and physical chemistry, he won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1971. The asteroid 3316 Herzberg too is named after him.