Which element do kids get bored of studying?

Bohrium


The chemistry behind your mother's lipstick

I am sure you have seen your mother or sister using it, or if you are a girl, you probably have one tucked somewhere for special occasions. Lipstick is that waxy crayon-like cosmetic in a tube-like container used to colour lips.

The history behind lipstick

Lipstick goes all the way back to 60 B.C when Cleopatra had her lipstick made from crushed carmine beetles and ants for a base which gave a deep red pigment. Later in the 16th century, Queen Elizabeth I always wore red lipstick and white make up, but not everyone liked this. And in 1770, the British Parliament passed a law that stated that a woman wearing lipstick could be tried for witchcraft. In 1800, Queen Victoria of Britain said it was considered “impolite” to wear any make up. Later, during World War II lipstick was made very popular by Hollywood starlets like Gloria Swanson and Lana Turner, who wore bright red lipstick in all their movies.

How does lipstick stick to your lips?

Most lipsticks are made of a solid, insoluble waxy material mixed with a non-volatile oil, so that it can be moved around with ease and applied again and again without it becoming stiff. The most common materials used to make lipstick are Beeswax (Pigment) and Castor oil (Shiny Film), although some recent brands have begun to use Silicon based Alkenes such as Silicon Polyethylene.

The most common materials used to make lipstick are Beeswax (Pigment) and Castor oil (Shiny Film), although some recent brands have begun to use Silicon based Alkenes such as Silicon Polyethylene.

The real reason why lipsticks make your lips look so intense is not because of the pigment. It’s because the pigment reacts vigorously with the NH2 group proteins that are found on the surface of our skin, which makes the lipstick turn dark red. Many substances ensure that the texture and melting point of the lipstick remains the same. For example, esters of fatty acids (oils obtained from plants and animals) are added to give lipstick its ‘stickiness’. A chemical called titanium oxide is added to give brightness. Cetyl alcohol is the ingredient which prevents lipstick from melting. Some lipsticks contain aloe vera to provide protection for your lips.

Types of lipsticks and the future of lipstick

There are five different types of lipstick, namely Matte, Crème, Pearl/Frosty, Gloss and Long lasting & Transfer-resistant lipsticks. This shows how big the market for lipstick is. Lipstick is one of the most affordable and popular cosmetics today. Manufacturers keep launching new ranges of lipsticks with new shades.

Tags :     Everyday Chemistry     Lipstick     make up     Castor oil     Beeswax     Silicon based Alkenes    


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